How to reduce elevated blood sugar and insulin
All high carbohydrate foods are digested into glucose; this includes bread, pasta, rice, breakfast cereals, potatoes and all foods containing flour or sugar. All grains are high in carbohydrate; examples of grains include wheat, rye, oats, barley, rice, corn and spelt. Some foods are broken down into glucose much faster than others, and they are said to have a high glycaemic index. These foods include most breakfast cereals, most bread, most rice and biscuits, cake, soft drinks and confectionary. Eating a lot of high glycaemic index carbohydrates increases the risk of breast cancer, and also type two diabetes and heart disease.
A rise in blood sugar stimulates the pancreas to release the hormone insulin. Eating high carbohydrate foods frequently or consuming large volumes of them causes the pancreas to release a lot of insulin. Insulin stimulates weight gain, particularly in the abdominal area and upper body, and it increases the amount of inflammation in the body. Excessive inflammation is a risk factor for all types of cancer. Insulin is an anabolic hormone, meaning it promotes growth of cells. Having high blood levels of insulin places you at increased risk of cancer, and can hasten the spread of any cancer that is already present in the body.
Another substance that is secreted when blood sugar levels rise is insulin-like growth factor one (IGF-1). This is a protein predominantly made in the liver. IGF-1 increases the rate of cell growth and inhibits cell death and has been shown to increase the risk of developing cancer. People with high blood levels of IGF-1 are usually overweight in their abdominal area and they may have acne, or had it when they were younger. Alcohol also promotes the release of IGF-1, thereby increasing the risk of breast cancer.