The thyroid gland is a powerful butter-fly shaped gland located in the front of the neck that plays a vital role in controlling your weight, maintaining your energy levels, keeping your immune system strong and boosting your mood. It struggles to cope with the many toxins and pollution that are present in today’s environment and as a result thyroid disorders are becoming more and more prevalent.
The thyroid gland produces the hormones T3 and T4, which are responsible for controlling the basic activity of each cell in the body, including metabolism, growth and development. The most common thyroid problems are where the gland is underactive; not producing enough hormone, or overactive; where it produces excessive amounts of hormone.
The majority of thyroid conditions in the western world are due to autoimmune thyroid disease, specifically Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves’ disease and postpartum thyroiditis. Graves’ disease is the most common cause of an overactive thyroid, while most cases of an underactive thyroid are caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Autoimmune disease is where your immune system fails to differentiate between your own body and foreign tissue, and produces antibodies that attack and destroy your own organs, in this case, the thyroid gland.